- July 1964
- June 1964
- April 1964
- March 1964
- Feb 1964
- Sept 1963
- July 1963
- June 1963
The 40th Accord was formed due to a desire to commemorate the anniversary of civil rights demonstrations that led to the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Annual Commemorative Breakfast honoring Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. began.
The Fort Mose Historical Society formed to promote and support the importance of Fort Mose in American History. Former Mayor George Gardner issued a proclamation declaring June 2nd “Fort Mose Historical State Park Day”.
The Lincolnville Festival began as a street event where local musicians got together to play jazz and raise money for the restoration and preservation of the Lincolnville area. The Lincolnville Festival has become a yearly tradition in St. Augustine for ethnic food, good music and fun, fun, fun.
Hotel owner James Brock was photographed pouring acid into a pool of where whites and blacks were demonstrating. This photograph was on the front page of newspapers around the nation and played a key role in passing the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
President Johnson signed the Civil Rights bill into law.
Dr. King, among others, was arrested in St. Augustine for attempting to have lunch at a downtown establishment.
Muriatic acid was poured into a pool by Jimmy Brock, while occupied by demonstrators fed up with the segregation and discrimination at the Monson Motor Lodge.
Civil Rights Act was passed by the US Senate.
Leaders begin to worry that the Civil Rights Bill would be shut down in the US Senate, so they enlisted supporters of the movement to aid with this battle. Among these supporters were two white women; Mrs. Peabody, the mother of the governor of Massachusetts and Mrs. Burgess, wife of the Episcopal Bishop of Massachusetts. These ladies were arrested during a sit-in, which brought national news coverage to St. Augustine.
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference and its president, Dr. Martin Luther King’s were asked to come to St. Augustine by local Civil Rights leaders to aid in the ongoing struggles.
Gunshots were fired in the occupied house of Dr. Robert Hayling, who’d been instrumental in the civil rights movement.
Four African-Americans were brutally beaten after being discovered spying on a rally of Ku Klux Klansmen. The Klansmen knowing the different professions of these black men focused their assault on ensuring that these men were incapable of serving in their occupations anymore.
Samuel White, Willie Carl Singleton, JoeAnn Anderson Ulmer and Audrey Nell Edwards became known as “the St. Augustine Four”, after a “sit-in” at the local Woolworth restaurant. They were arrested for attempting to order food at the counter that was for whites. They were sent to jail, then reform school for six months.
Protests began by the Youth Council of the local chapter of NAACP in downtown St. Augustine in a continued fight for equality.
The Excelsior School was built. This was the first public high school for blacks
Three of the teaching nuns at St. Benedict School, Sister Mary Thomasine Hehir, Mary Scholastica, and Mary Beningus, were arrested for breaking a law that made it illegal for white teachers to teach black students.
St. Paul African Methodist Episcopal Church building was erected. Civil rights rallies were held here during the time of demonstrations.
John Papino, a black councilman, is shot by the white town marshal at a city council meeting and begins the end of black office holders until the 1970s.
Florida Normal became St. Augustine’s first college (a black school), later named Florida Memorial and was located in St. Augustine until 1968.
Fredrick Douglass was a featured speaker at a business on St. George St.
Authorization is received for the Freedmen’s Bureau to build an African-American School for $4,000.
Lincolnville was established by freed slaves, on the peninsula between Maria Sanchez Creek and San Sebastian River, formerly known as “Little Africa.” Lincolnville is well known and the property is highly sought after for the rich Victorian architecture.
President Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation (the proclamation was read in the Old Spanish Cemetery (now referred to as Freedom Park)
The slave market was built in now downtown St. Augustine, to barter slaves.
During the War of 1812, a black militia was rewarded land grants by the Spanish governor for saving St. Augustine from attack.
Jorge Biassou, a black Spanish general, comes to St. Augustine and is the one of the top paid executives of that time. Biassou was instrumental in the 1790’s with the revolt of the slaves in Haiti.
Antonio Proctor was born in San Domingo, a slave. His last name was Propinos, until he gained his freedom in St. Augustine. Antonio was well known as an Indian interpreter for the first American governor of Florida.
Fort Mose founded. This community was authorized by Governor Manuel de Montiano, creating the first emancipated African settlement in the United States.
The walls of the Castillo de San Marco are completed; work on the interior continues. 11 Africans were paid to help build the Castillo according to payroll records preserved in thearchives.
The Castillo de San Marco’s construction began
Records show the first black child being born in St. Augustine in 1606. It’s probable that there were black children born before that time here, but records haven’t been able to validate this, as of yet.
It’s widely known that St. Augustine was founded in 1565 by Pedro Menendez. What’s often overlooked is that Africans were with Menendez during this exploration. Many of the foundational endeavors during this time were aided by blacks. These Africans came as craftspeople, sailors, guides and explorers. Africans played a significant role in helping to establish and uphold St. Augustine. Slavery existed in this area for many years, in different forms.